Literature and sports quotes in white letters on a black background, huge clocks ticking, pendulums swinging, people
appear out of the crowd, a ball is kicked into the air and then all of a sudden a cartoon sequence – what kind of film
is this? Or what do we expect from this film after such a turbulent beginning? Our expectations are determined by our
knowledge of other films and their classification into groups (genres).
Key concepts: Film genre
Feature films are divided into different film genres based on common characteristics. These characteristics can relate
to the period or setting of the action, the basic mood or the narrative form. Genre conventions are not rigid and are
subject to historical change. First and foremost, film genre names such as drama, comedy, crime, adventure or animated
film are terms that make it easier for both viewers and film producers to communicate ideas about films, standardise
narrative and representation forms and generate expectations of what will happen in a film. Many films get their appeal
from the combination of different genre features and thus appear more interesting.